Continuation of the trip which started on
3/2/2023 - Amsterdam (part 1) 3/12-16/2023 - Barcelona (part 4)
3/4-5/2023 - Amsterdam (part 2) 3/17-18/2023 -Catalan Villages (part 5)
3/6-12/2023 - London (part 3)
The weekend soccer game of Sun, Mar 19 FC Barcelona - Real Madrid had brought into Barcelona many many visitors, who swelled-up the town, immensely.
So on Friday (March 16th) heading to Tarragona , which we also visited, briefly, last in 2017, was both a relief escape from the crowds, and an opportunity to further explore this charming historic port town, situated an hour and half drive south, from Barcelona.
There was no problem to checking into this great Tarragona hotel overlooking the Mediterranean sea, on Friday eve. and then again as of Sunday, so we did.
However we spent the Saturday - one night in the Catalan mountains.(here)
Hotel we stayed in Tarragona
H 10 Imperial - Tarragona
Located in the historic center of Tarragona facing beach front
2 Rambla Vella +34 900 444 466 (more)
Just by the Roman Via Augusta -
the longest and busiest of the major roads built by the Romans, in antiquity.
Along Via Augusta
A fun way to get antiquated with the city is to take the one hour ride of the
Blue Chu-Chu train
Tarraco Traen one hour ride of the Blue Train - best way to quint oneself with the town 665688118
I loved the gorgeous sea views and Roman antiquities of this ancient
town. as well as its more modern parts,
Tarraco/Tarragonai designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Once the capital of the Roman Empire in Spain, the city full of history, is also full of culture Mediterranean blue skies, beautiful beaches and of fine wine and cuisine
This port city located in northeast Spain on the Mediterranean Costa Daurada and is the capital of the Province of Tarragona, was founded before 5th BC
The city has a population of about 140K Tarragona is home to also to Rovira i Virgili University. Much of its economic activity comes from a large number of chemical industries located south of the city.
During the Roman Republic, the city was fortified and much enlarged as a Roman colony by the brothers Publius Cornelius Scipio and Gnaeus Cornelius Scipio Calvus, who converted it into a fortress and arsenal against the Carthaginians.
Augustus wintered at Tarraco after his Cantabrian campaign, and bestowed many marks of honor on the city, among which were its honorary titles of Colonia Victrix Togata and Colonia Julia Victrix Tarraconensis.
The city is home to the National Archaeological Museum of Tarragona.
There were three main venues in which to hold spectacles in Roman Times
: the theatre, the circus and amphitheatre.
*Roman theatre of Tarraco
The theater was the first to be built ,and it was located between the local forum and the port, near the Via Augusta, close to the entrance of the town and near the beach, which gave a very comfortable "shipping" animals that were supposed to be on the show.
Via Augusta & Necropolic 1stC/Amphitheater 2n C/ Abonmdmnet of the theater
The Roman Theater built in 2nd C at a time, when Tarraco was the capital of the Roman province. at the time of Augustus. The Romans took advantage of the steep slope of the hill in the area to build part of the seating.
Seating is still visible but most of it is in these ruins
it suffered considerable destruction and was hidden from view for many centuries.
Tarragona Amphitheatre near the seashore was extensively used as a quarry after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, and a church was built on its site.
Stones of the Roman theater were used for the construction of the Basilica in memory of the three martyrs (more)
Visigothic Basilica 7th C /Santa Maria de Miricale 12C / Triniterian Convent 16C
El Penal de Milargo Prison 19C
.It also served as a convent and then In 1780, the amphitheater was used as a prison for prisoners who built the port of Tarragona. After the closing of the prison, the amphitheatre was abandoned until the mid-20th century, when work began on the restoration of the theater.
The Theater is managed by the National Archaeological Museum of Tarragona and is part of the Roman Tarraco archaeological complex
*Circ Romà - Circus
Open-air & underground ruins of a 1st C Roman circus -chariot-racing track, & tower.
A Roman Circus
A circus c. 450 m (1,480 ft) long, was built over in the area now called Plaça de la Font, though portions of it are still to be traced. Throughout the town Latin, and even apparently Phoenician, inscriptions on the stones of the houses mark the material used for buildings in the town.
It was called also Praetorium, Augostus Palace or Pilate's Castle
The castle was built at the start of the Christian resettlement, taking advantage of an old Roman tower. on the Circus site.
The tower was built to join the low part of the city and the circus with the province’s forum stage square by means of a staircase.
It served as the residence of the city's Norman family until 1171 A.D., when it passed into the hands of the King and the Crown of Aragon.
The castle underwent major renovation work during the reigns of Jaume II and Pere III.
It was converted into a military camp in the 16th -C and was greatly damaged during the city’s Napoleonic occupation. by French troops in 1813.
The current building preserves a totally medieval style, although it has many elements from the Roman times, Note the southern façade, with its many soaring windows from the 14th -C, survives, as do some interior walls, arcades, Gothic chamber on the upper floor, It is part of the heritage managed by the National Archaeological Museum of Tarragona (MNAT), just next to the circus and Castle
Part of the bases of large Cyclopean walls near the Cuartel de Pilatos are thought to pre-date the Romans.
Historic Town' Center also known as Part Alta (upper city)
The Roman Layout
Most of the historic area is surrounded by Roman walls. towers, and buildings such as the theater/amphitheater, the circus the remains of the forum, the Roman and paleo-Christian necropolis, one of the most important in Europe
Many of its findings are on display in the Tarragona Archaeological Museum.
The Cathedral square and surrounding streets are the hub of the Medieval Center
The 12th-Cathedral formed in a transitional style between Romanesque and Gothic l is located in a site previously occupied by a Roman temple dating to the time of Tiberius, a Visigothic cathedral, and a Moorish mosque. It was declared a national monument in 1905
Next to the Cathedral
On our Sept. 2017 visit the historic center which amazingly traces the original Roman forum, was mobbed with celebrating local Catalans.
The traditional human pyramid was formed for the pleasure of the spectators, right on top of the hill in front of the 12c Cathedral, where once the Roman temple stood.
As the last climber peaked to the top of the pyramid, the crowed cheered and clapped most loudly.
On this visit, the town was quite empty, and no festivities were going on, excluding the chattering noise of university students, who filled the eateries on the main squarem a pedestrian zone Placa de la Font which gets very the lively at night
Major Square - Place de la Font
Where the impressive neoclassical Town Hall building (a former Domenican convent) stands from 1838
The area of Font located on the place where once stood a quarter of the Central part of ancient Roman arena circus. After the Roman era, it was almost abandoned, Later it was called "the paddock" and used to caring for livestock.then and until 1915 became a daily market,
Visit to some homes of nobles in the old center
Casa Castellarnau museum
C. Cavallers, 1443003Tarragona
977 24 22 20 / 977 24 27 52
In the Middle Ages, CarrerCavallers was where the city’s leading noble families had their homes and palaces like
once the powerful Castellarnau family, which is now is a museum
This ancestral Gothic building, built in the 15th c and went through the many transformations and architectural styles
Furniture is in the style of Queen Isabella II.
The interior of the house is more impressive than the exterior.
Casa Canalas -Maison (18C-19C)
C. d'En Granada, 11 977 24 28 58
This historic manor, from the beginning of the 19- partly furnished, with garden& views
is located between Passeig de Sant Antoni, Carrer Granada and Plaça de Sant Antoni,
turned into a museum.
The Blue painted large Casa Canalas from the inside of the wall
One of the few noble homes in Tarragona to have been fully preserved to this day.
It is a stately, modern-era home, done in the same style as Casa Castellarnau.
However, in this case the structure was designed to take advantage of a Roman wall dating back to the late 2nd- C., and vestiges of a 14th-c home which can still be seen on the first floor. The building moreover contains a Spanish Civil War-era shelter. a, main floor, garden and terrace, which overlooks the walls and offers spectacular views. The second floor has been fitted out to serve as a conference room, while the upper floors are used to host diverse temporary exhibits.
The exterior of the house in its front and back though different is more interesting than the interior.
Looking out the window from the top floor
Outside the walls
The Case's look from the street front
Muralles (3rd-11C) The Walls
Archaeological promenade along the Roman walls, towers from 2nd AD and later also featuring gardens & sculptures.
More ancient Monuments in the Old Town's Center
Santa Tecla la Vella Chapel 13th C on Carrer de Sant Pau, 5,
Convent Augustinaian & Trinitarian 1646 Old Santa Tecla Hospital 1171 A.D
Jewish Quarter in Tarragona's Historic Town
The Jewish Quarter, or "Call Jueu", was completely separate from the rest of the city, with only 4 gateways connecting it to the outside world.
The "king'sJews" settled near the king's castle Protected by the royal powers,
Inside were the Jews’ homes– small buildings whose ground floors were usually used as workshops– the synagogue, the bakery, the baths and the school.
In the 14th century, the Jewish Quarter entered into a decline that ended with the expulsion of the Jews in 1492.
Today, a winding labyrinth of narrows streets and several pointed arches along CarrerTalavera and in PlaçadelsÀngels can still be seen. Unfortunately, old urban planning reforms partially destroyed the area and the recent demolition of certain mediaeval buildings marked the near complete disappearance of this Call. (more)
The post which was erected in 2010 states that" in 1492 the Tarragona Jews had to abandon their home just because being Jewish, and now the city of Tarragona which put this post in their honor for the sake of the descents of these banished, welcomes and is willing to take them back."
Other parts in the City
*Balcó del Mediterrani" - Mediterranean Terrace
Observation promenade offering beautiful views of the sea, the port, the beach & the Roman amphitheater.
Along "Rambla Nova" - the modern part
Rambla Nova - Tarragona's main and wide avenue is over 150 years old, dotted with sculptures and greenery and has the city's largest concentration of modern shops
This central axis crossing the modern city of Tarragona from the South-East to North-West and is perhaps the most famous and one of the most popular streets in the center of Tarragona.
Castel Human Pyramid Monument on Ranbla Nova
Placa Imperial Tarraco - along the Rambla Nova
The lovely Plaza Imperial Tarraco is the "Zero Kilometer" of Tarragona.
A road junction that connects this point of the city with the Part Alta (following C/Estanislao Figueres), the lower part and El Serrallo (after going through C/Pere Martell); original beginning of the Rambla Nova and exit gate from Tarragona towards other municipalities such as Vila-seca, Reus , Valls or provinces such as Lleida and Barcelona.. Services such as the Civil Government , the bus station or the Ciutat de Tarragona hotel are concentrated in its surroundings. .
Off and around the Rambal Nova
Food Market - Mercat Central (1915)
Bullfight Arena - Las Arenas
the Tarragona Bullring, now San Miguel Tarraco Arena was built in 1883, with capacity of 17,000 spectators by the architect Ramon Salas Ricom designed in the likeness of an ancient colosseum, decorated In 2010, local authorities passed a law banning bullfighting
in Catalonia.this since then it hosts concerts, theatrical performances and sports matches.
Roman Colonial Forum (1st C)
Located in the lower part of the Roman city, in a residential area, halfway between the administrative center of the province and the port
(between the streets of Cardenal Cervantes, Lleida, Gasometre and Fortuny.)
Main entrance from the street Lleida.
The ancient Roman forum, one of the first Roman structures that have emerged in Terraco
Forum of the Colony was an important center of community life, where was concentrated the social and political life of the city.
Of the once monumental structures, what currently can be seen is relatively a small area of ruins, section of the street, fragments of Roman columns, remains of the foundations of the era, the remains of the ancient Basilica (part of the portico), built during the reign of Augustus, the ruins of the former city Treasury and the main Church of the colony, dedicated to Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva.
To the Rightof the Photo the Port of Tarragona emerges
The ancient Port
Ancient/Historic monuments, at some distance from the town's center
On our last day in town a walk along the coastline of Miracle beach area., which I truly recommend, as the narrow trail leads on the rocks above sea water and provide wonderful views of the sea and 2 coastal fortifications
The Fort of Sant Jordi is a bastion built by the English in the context of the War of Succession , in order to defend the coastline in the Miracle beach area.
Fortí de la Reina is an 18th century military construction built during the War of Succession , strategically located at the tip of the Miracle de Tarragona , controlling the coastline
Forti de Sant Jordi Coastal fortifications Forti de Reina 1745
Passeig de Rafael Casanova, 11 Punta del Miracle, Paseo de Rafael de Casanova
4 Km from Tarragona - *Les Ferreres Aqueduct
Les Ferreres Aqueduct, which spans a valley about 4 km (2 mi) north of the city. It is 217 m (712 ft) in length, and the loftiest arches, of which there are two tiers, are 26 m (85 ft) high.
Most impressive 1 st AD ancient Roman aqueduct, found in a Pine trees forest and now a popular spot for scenic walks & picnics.
It is only 4 km away from Tarrgona on rout N-240 toward Lleida.
Drive slowly as not to miss the right turn off the road which is marked poorly.
Walking on top of the Aqueduct
Torre dels Escipions
There is a monument about 6 km (4 mi) along the coast road east of the city, commonly called the "Tower of the Scipios"; but there is no authority for assuming that they were buried here. The funerary tower was built by the Romans on the outskirts of Tarraco
Spanish Rental Proprty Agents
On our fifth day of stay at the hotel, suddenly it got fully packed, with agents (120 of them) who attended a conference, by a large European Vacation Property management company InterHome Group (www.interhome.group).
When we introduced ourselves to the big boss in charge of Spain and Portugal market, named Joachim, it was soon revealed that he was in on a
call with our daughter Inbal who represent - GUESTY. -a leading Israeli start up
in the field of Property Management Software.- end-to-end solution for all aspects of property rental business
For assistance in the Spanish/Portugal market Rental Property , these are good contacts of agents we met in the hotel:
Isabel.firstname.lastname@example.org +34 636 93 8268 (area manger (La Rioa)
email@example.com +34 606 84 6483 (area manager (Peniscola)
firstname.lastname@example.org +34 620 30 6191 +34 952 58 7672 (Marbella)
email@example.com The chief boss for Spain and Portugal
Restaurants we liked
El Llgut - In the old city
C/Natzaret 10 977 228938
L’Anecora- El Port Esporrti
Restaurant Mariscos/ Sea Food in the Port
El Cup Vell
c/Ventallos 8 Taragona 698 320 078 636858243
In the old town a restaurant which doesn't post its name , so you need the address
Driving down hill from Tarragona's historical center toward the sea side below, lands you at a beautiful garden restaurant , nice for lunch
"Mas Rosello" - A garden restaurant
Passage Maritim Rafel de casanova 23 977 241 828
Cambrils -a quaint historic Beach Town on Costa Daurada -Gold Coast
40 minuets drive south of Tarragona there is a low keyed coast town (once a small fishing village),worth visiting, near the tourist town Salouin the comarca of Baix Camp, province of Tarragona,
Natural undeveloped sand beach patches make it look authentic and attractive especially off season
Walking the shaded promenade
The town which has prehistoric traces actually grew during the Roman period
as evident from the archaeological sites, found throughout the municipality, such as the Roman villa of La Llosa, strategically located alongside the Via Augusta
Most of the tourists to this area are Spaniards, who have their summer house at this fishing village with high quality beaches.
The town's fishing and agriculture background has been replaced by such emerging industries as chemical, petrochemical, services and tourism
Sadly many rivers beds we saw, were dried up, but a small noisy frog pond survived
By by Tarragona
To be Continued